This Day In History

  • 1899 Ordered south to the war, 1st South Lancashires depart their base at Fulwood Barracks, Preston, en route to the Boer War
  • 1917 Battle of Cambrai. 55th (West Lancashire) Division takes the full weight of a massed German counter-attack near Villers-Guislain. 1/5th South Lancashires find themseves outflanked and surrounded by overwhelming numbers. After a fierce fight the battalion is literally wiped out. In obedience to the order to ‘Stand or fall at your posts’ not a man returns. On their right 1/5th Loyal North Lancashires make a gallant stand but at terrible cost, 434 casualties, while 1/4th Loyal North Lancashires, who are in reserve, save the situation with a magnificent immediate counter-attack
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East Lancashire Regiment

The East Lancashire Regiment was formed in 1881 as part of the Cardwell reforms of the British Army.

The Regiment was formed initially with two battalions, the 1st Battalion being created from the former 30th Regiment of Foot, and the 2nd from the former 59th. The first Regimental Depot was in Burnley, but moved to Fulwood Barracks, Preston in 1898.

The Regiment recruited primarily from the new industrial towns of East Lancashire, including Burnley, Blackburn, Nelson, Colne and Accrington.

During World War I the Regiment expanded to a strength of 17 battalions which between them served on the Western Front, at Gallipoli, and in Macedonia, Egypt, and Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq). In all, they earned a total of 120 Battle Honours. The Regiment suffered a total of 7,000 casualties. Four members of the Regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross.

(For a detailed summary of the full part played by the Regiment in World War I, click HERE)

Captain Marcus Ervine Andrews (top deck) wins the VC defending the Perimeter

In World War II the Regiment expanded again, to a strength of 7 battalions. They served in North West Europe, Madagascar, India, Burma and Malaya, earning a total of 20 Battle Honours. Captain Marcus Ervine Andrews won the Victoria Cross at Dunkirk in 1940.

(For a detailed summary of the full part played by the Regiment in World War II, click HERE)

On 1st July 1958 the Regiment amalgamated with the South Lancashire Regiment to form The Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales’s Volunteers), which in 1970, in turn amalgamated with The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment to form The Queen’s Lancashire Regiment.