This Day In History

  • 1814 Five companies, and some families, of the 40th Regiment (later 1st South Lancashires), sailing under sealed orders from Ireland to the war in America, shipwrecked in the entrance to Bantry Bay. After striking rocks in a storm, by great good fortune their ship drifts onto a sandbar close to the shore and only 5 men are lost.
  • 1917 66th Division, a 2nd-line Lancashire TA formation which includes 2/4th and 2/5th East Lancashires, attack the Passchendaele Ridge at dawn after a nightmare eleven hour approach march. They flounder a few hundred yards into the morass of the aptly-named Waterfields at the cost of almost seven hundred casualties, and in appalling conditions hold their gains against repeated counter-attacks.
  • 1918 2/4th South Lancashires capture Cambrai during the final advance to victory.
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East Lancashire Regiment

The East Lancashire Regiment was formed in 1881 as part of the Cardwell reforms of the British Army.

The Regiment was formed initially with two battalions, the 1st Battalion being created from the former 30th Regiment of Foot, and the 2nd from the former 59th. The first Regimental Depot was in Burnley, but moved to Fulwood Barracks, Preston in 1898.

The Regiment recruited primarily from the new industrial towns of East Lancashire, including Burnley, Blackburn, Nelson, Colne and Accrington.

During World War I the Regiment expanded to a strength of 17 battalions which between them served on the Western Front, at Gallipoli, and in Macedonia, Egypt, and Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq). In all, they earned a total of 120 Battle Honours. The Regiment suffered a total of 7,000 casualties. Four members of the Regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross.

(For a detailed summary of the full part played by the Regiment in World War I, click HERE)

Captain Marcus Ervine Andrews (top deck) wins the VC defending the Perimeter

In World War II the Regiment expanded again, to a strength of 7 battalions. They served in North West Europe, Madagascar, India, Burma and Malaya, earning a total of 20 Battle Honours. Captain Marcus Ervine Andrews won the Victoria Cross at Dunkirk in 1940.

(For a detailed summary of the full part played by the Regiment in World War II, click HERE)

On 1st July 1958 the Regiment amalgamated with the South Lancashire Regiment to form The Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales’s Volunteers), which in 1970, in turn amalgamated with The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment to form The Queen’s Lancashire Regiment.