This Day in History: 1808-08-05

Lt Gen Sir Arthur Wellesley’s 14,000-man force, which includes the 40th and 82nd Regiments (later 1st and 2nd South Lancashires respectively) completes its landing at Mondego Bay, north of Lisbon, to join the Portuguese in confronting the French invasion. The troops are ordered to land ‘each with one shirt and one pair of shoes, besides those on them, combs, razor, and a brush, which are to be packed up in their greatcoats’. The soldiers’ knapsacks and all baggage are left on the ships, and each man has 3 days bread and 2 days cooked meat, together with 3 good flints for his musket