This Day In History

1915 2nd East Lancashires and 1st Loyals part of assault on Aubers Ridge which fails bloodily against strong German defences and well-sited machine guns. The British bombardment, though ineffective against the enemy trenches, inflict heavy losses on the East Lancashires, who suffer 449 casualties this day, while the Loyals’ losses amount to 243.
1915 1/4th and 1/5th East Lancashires land under fire at Cape Helles as reinforcements for the allied troops on Gallipoli. The invasion has made such little progress since the initial landings 14 days before that the whole beach-head area, including the landing beaches, is still within range of the Turks.
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The Regiments of Foot

Regiments were originally known by the name of their Colonel, but this led to confusion over precedence and rank. Precedence was established by  allocating numbers based on date of raising, or entry into British service. Finally, a Royal Warrant of 1751 decreed that Regiments would henceforward be known by their number only.

This system, which provided a simple and instant indication of a regiment’s seniority, remained in use for over 100 years until the Childers Reforms of 1881 introduced “territorialisation,” and banded senior and more junior regiments together as the 1st and 2nd battalions of the new, county-affiliated regiments.

However, the fondly-remembered and much-cherished old numbers, in which were vested so much history and glory, continued to be used on an informal basis within regiments, as to an extent they still are to this day.

By order of seniority, and therefore precedence, the Regiments of the Line which eventually became the East Lancashire, South Lancashire, and Loyal North Lancashire Regiments, and finally the Queen’s Lancashire Regiment, were:

30th of Foot 1st Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment
40th of Foot 1st Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment
47th of Foot 1st Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment
59th of Foot 2nd Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment
81st of Foot 2nd Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment
82nd of Foot 2nd Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment