This Day In History

1704 War of the Spanish Succession. Anglo-Dutch fleet under Admiral George Rooke, in which detachments of Saunderson’s Regiment (later 30th Foot and then 1st East Lancashires) are serving as Marines, completes the capture of Gibraltar from Spain. The Rock is then ceded to Britain when the Peace of Utrecht brings the war to an end in 1713.
1914
During the morning, German troops invade neutral Belgium. At 2 pm Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey instructs the British Ambassador in Berlin to tell the German Government that unless an assurance to respect Belgian neutrality is received by midnight Central European Time (11 pm in Britain), a state of war would exist between the two countries. At 7 pm the 1st East, 2nd South, and 1st Loyal North Lancashire Regiments are ordered to mobilise and prepare to deploy to France as part of the British Expeditionary Force - the Old Contemptibles. At 10.45 pm the King convenes the Privy Council in Buckingham Palace for the purpose of authorising the declaration of war. They wait until 11 pm, and when Big Ben strikes the hour, the country is at war. The vast crowd which has gathered outside Buckingham Palace cheers wildly. 
 
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Loyal North Lancashire

The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire)

The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment was formed in 1881 as part of the Cardwell reforms of the British Army. Its title changed to The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) in 1921.

The Regiment was formed initially with two battalions, the 1st Battalion being created from the former 47th (Lancashire) Regiment of Foot, and the 2nd from the former 81st (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers). The Regimental Depot was at Fulwood Barracks, Preston, creating a link which has continued unbroken to the present day.

The Regiment recruited primarily from the towns of Central Lancashire, including Preston, Chorley, Bolton and Wigan.

During World War I the Regiment expanded to a total strength of 21 battalions. They served on the Western Front, at Gallipoli, and in Macedonia, Palestine, East Africa, and Mesopotamia. They were awarded a total of 80 Battle Honours. The Regiment suffered a total of 7590 casualties. Three members of the Regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross.

(For a detailed summary of the full part played by the Regiment in World War I, click HERE)

The Regiment was again expanded in World War II, to a total of 10 battalions. They served in North West Europe, Malaya, North Africa and Italy. One member of the Regiment was awarded the Victoria Cross.

(For a detailed summary of the full part played by the Regiment in World War II, click HERE)

On 25th March 1970 the Regiment amalgamated with The Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales’s Volunteers), to form The Queen’s Lancashire Regiment.