This Day In History: 1809-01-16

Battle of Corunna. After a long, demoralising and dreadful retreat from central Spain, the British army is forced to turn and fight to gain time for the Navy to come to its rescue. The 2nd / 81st (later 2nd Loyals) have a desperate, 2-hour fight on the right flank, running out of ammunition and losing over 160 killed and wounded before the French are repelled. 2nd/59th Foot (later 2nd East Lancashires) are sent to their aid and lose 60 killed and wounded, but their Grenadier and 1st Companies are the last British troops to disengage from the enemy. The army commander, Sir John Moore, is fatally wounded.