For Valour – The Victoria Cross
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award which the nation can bestow. It is awarded for “most conspicuous bravery, or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice, or extreme devotion to duty in the presence of the enemy,” and takes precedence over all other orders, decorations and medals.
The Victoria Cross was instituted by Royal Warrant on 29 January 1856, made retrospective to the autumn of 1854 to cover the Crimean War. Since then, the medal has been awarded 1,356 times to 1,353 individual recipients.
A total of 19 were serving with antecedent regiments of The Queen’s Lancashire Regiment when they won their award. It is a measure of the ultimate, self-denying, sacrificial bravery required that over a quarter of them (five, plus a sixth who later succumbed to his wounds), did not survive the action for which they were awarded their Cross.
The Museum owns and cares for five Victoria Cross medals, of which three (marked below with * ) are on display. Two more, those of Captain Marcus Ervine-Andrews and Private William Young, are on loan to the Blackburn Museum and Museum of Lancashire respectively.
|Pte John McDERMOND||47th Foot||Inkerman, Crimea||5 Nov 1854|
|Lt & Adjt Mark WALKER||30th Foot||Inkerman, Crimea||5 Nov 1854|
|Colour Sjt John LUCAS *||40th Foot||Huirangi Bush, New Zealand||18 Mar 1861|
|Capt Euston Henry SARTORIOUS||59th Foot||Shahjui||24 0ct 1879|
|Dmr Spencer John BENT||1 E Lan R||Le Gheer, Belgium||1/2 Nov 1914|
|Pte Henry KENNY||1 Loyals||Nr Loos, France||25 Sep 1915|
|Pte William YOUNG||8 E Lan R||Nr Fonque – Villers, France||22 Dec 1915|
|2Lt Alfred Victor SMITH||1/5 E Lan R||Helles, Gallipoli||23 Dec 1915|
|Rev William Robert Fountaine ADDISON||R A Ch D (att 6 Loyals)||Sannaiyat, Mesopotamia||9 Apr 1916|
|Lt Richard Basil JONES||8 Loyals||Nr St Eloi, France||21 May 1916|
|Lt Thomas Orde Lawder WILKINSON||7 Loyals||La Boiselle, Somme, France||5 Jul 1916|
|2Lt Gabriel COURY *||3 S Lan R(att1/4thBn)||Nr Arrow Head Copse, France||8 Aug 1916|
|Pte John READITT||6 S Lan R||Shumran Bend, Mesopotamia||25 Feb1917|
|Capt Oswald Austin REID||4 Kings (att 6 Loyals)||Diyala Crossing, Mesopotamia||9 Mar 1917|
|Pte William RATCLIFFE MM||2 S Lan R||Messines, Belgium||14 Jun 1917|
|Cpl John Thomas DAVIES||11 S Lan R||Nr Eppeville, France||24 Mar 1918|
|2Lt Basil Arthur HORSFALL *||3 E Lan R (att 11th Bn)||Ervillers, France||27 Mar 1918|
|Capt Harold Marcus ERVINE-ANDREWS||1 E Lan R||Dunkirk, France||31 May –1 Jun 1940|
|Lt Willward A SANDYS- CLARKE||1 Loyals||Gueriat-el-Atach Tunisia||23 Apr1943|