This Day In History

  • 1944 Normandy Bridgehead. 1st South Lancashires suffers heavy casualties around Le Londel as initial British attempt to capture Caen continues
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Battle Honours

The award of a Battle Honour is the system by which the Sovereign recognises the presence of a regiment at, and its contributions to, a particular battle or campaign. It provides, also, a means by which the Regiment’s past glories are brought to mind and preserved.

The rules covering the granting of Battle Honours have varied greatly over the years and have at times been capricious. Some of our Lancashire Regiments most prized Battle Honours, such as Gibraltar and Quebec, were not authorised until many years after the event, while many hard-fought victories, such as Namur 1695,  Germantown 1777 and Alkmaar 1799, have never been honoured. Nevertheless, the Queen’s Lancashire Regiment was entitled to 203 Battle Honours, of which five (marked * below) are unique in the British Army and others changed the course of world history.

The selected Battle Honours shown below in bold type were borne on the Colours of The Queen’s Lancashire Regiment. For the sake of brevity regiments and battalions are indicated up to 1914 by their pre-1881 numbers and subsequently by abbreviated titles as follows

E Lan R        –        The East LancashireRegiment

S Lan R        –        The South Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales’s Volunteers)

Loyals          –         The Loyal North LancashireRegiment & The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire)

Date

Honour

War/Campaign

Regiments Present

1704-5 Gibraltar 1704-5 War of Spanish Succession 30th
1758 Louisburg Seven Years War 40th , 47th
1759 Quebec 1759   40th, 47th
1761 Belleisle   30th
1762 Martinique1762   40th
  Havannah   40th
1778 St Lucia1778 American Independence 40th
1801 Egypt (Sphinx) French Revolutionary War 30th, 40th
1806 Cape of Good Hope 1806 Napoleonic Wars 59th
Maida 81st
1807 Monte Video 40th, 47th
1808 Rolica PeninsulaWar 40th, 82nd
Vimiera 40th, 82nd
1809 Corunna 59th, 81st, 82nd
Talavera 40th
Tarifa 47th, 82nd
1812 Badajoz 30th, 40th
Salamanca 30th, 40th
1813 Vittoria 40th, 47th, 59th,   82nd
St Sebastian 47th, 59th
Pyrenees 40th, 82nd
Nivelle 40th, 47th, 59th,   82nd
Nive 47th, 59th
1814 Orthes 40th, 82nd
Toulouse 40th
1808-14 Peninsula 30th, 34th, 40th,   47th, 59th, 81st, 82nd
1811 Java Napoleonic Wars 59th
1814 Niagara American War of 1812 82nd
1815 Waterloo The Hundred Days 30th, 40th
1824-6 Ava First Burmese War 47th
1826 Bhurtpore Rajah’s Revolt 59th
1842 Candahar  1842 First Afghan War 40th
Ghuznee 1842 40th
Cabool 1842 40th
1843 Maharajpore GwaliorCampaign 40th
1854 Alma Crimean War 30th, 47th
Inkerman 30th, 47th
1855 Sevastopol 30th, 47th, 82nd
1857 Canton * SecondChinaWar 59th
1857-8 Lucknow Indian Mutiny 82nd
1860-68 New Zealand Second Maori War 40th
1878 Ali Masjid Second Afghan War 81st
1880 Ahmad Khel 59th
1878-80 Afghanistan 1878-80 59th, 81st
1895 Chitral Chitral Campaign 30th
1899-1900 Defence of Kimberley * South African War 47th
1900 Relief of   Ladysmith 40th
1899-1902 South Africa 1899-1902 30th, 40th, 47th

FIRST WORLD WAR

Date

Theatre/Honour

Regiments Present

FRANCE   & FLANDERS

1914 Mons S Lan R, Loyals
Le Cateau E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Retreat from Mons E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Marne 1914 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Aisne 1914 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
La Bassee 1914 S Lan R
Messines 1914 S Lan R
Armentières 1914 E Lan R, S Lan R
Ypres 1914 S Lan R, Loyals
Langemarck 1914 Loyals
Gheluvelt Loyals
Nonne Bosschen S Lan R, Loyals
Givenchy 1914 Loyals
1915 Neuve Chapelle E Lan R
Ypres 1915 E Lan R, S Lan R
St Julien E Lan R, S Lan R
Frezenberg E Lan R, S Lan R
Bellewaarde E Lan R, S Lan R
Aubers E Lan R, Loyals
Festubert 1915 Loyals
Loos Loyals
1914-18 France & Flanders 1914-18 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
1916 Somme 1916 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Albert 1916 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Bazentin E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Pozières E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Guillemont S Lan R, Loyals
Ginchy S Lan R, Loyals
Flers-Courcelette S Lan R, Loyals
Morval S Lan R, Loyals
Le Transloy E Lan R, S Lan R
AncreHeights E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Ancre 1916 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
1917 Arras 1917 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Vimy 1917 E Lan R
Scarpe 1917 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Arleux E Lan R, Loyals
Oppy E Lan R
Messines 1917 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Ypres 1917 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Pilckem E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Langemarck 1917 E Lan R, S Lan R
Menin Road E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Polygon Wood E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Broodseinde E Lan R
Poelcappelle E Lan R, Loyals
Passchendaele E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Cambrai 1917 S Lan R, Loyals
1918 Somme 1918 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
St Quentin E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Bapaume 1918 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Rosieres E Lan R, S Lan R
Arras 1918 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Ancre 1918 E Lan R
Villers-Bretonneux E Lan R
Lys E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Estaires E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Messines 1918 S Lan R
Hazebrouck E Lan R, S Lan R
Bailleul E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Kemmel E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Béthune Loyals
Scherpenberg S Lan R, Loyals
Aisne 1918 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Marne 1918 Loyals
Soissonais-Ourcq Loyals
Albert 1918 E Lan R
Scarpe 1918 E Lan R, S Lan R
Drocourt-Queant S Lan R, Loyals
Hindenburg   Line E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Epéhy Loyals
Canal du Nord E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
StQuentin  Canal Loyals
Cambrai 1918 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Ypres 1918 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Courtrai S Lan R, Loyals
Selle E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Valenciennes E Lan R
Sambre E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals

MACEDONIA

1915 Kosturino E Lan R
1917 Doiran 1917 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
1918 Doiran 1918 E Lan R, S Lan R
1915-18 Macedonia 1915-18 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals

GALLIPOLI

1915 Helles E Lan R
Krithia E Lan R
Suvla E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Sari Bair E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Gallipoli   1915-16 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals

EGYPT

1916 Rumani E Lan R
1915-17 Egypt 1915-17 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals

PALESTINE

1917 Gaza Loyals
Nebi   Samwil Loyals
Jerusalem Loyals
Jaffa Loyals
1918 Tell’Asur Loyals
1917-18 Palestine1917-18 Loyals

MESOPOTAMIA   (IRAQ)

1916 Tigris 1916 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
1917 Kut al Amara 1917 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
Baghdad E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
1916-18 Mesopotamia   1916-18 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals

EAST   AFRICA

1916 Kilimanjaro Loyals
1914-16 East Africa1914-16 Loyals

 

INDIA

1918 Baluchistan 1918 S Lan R

THIRD AFGHAN WAR

1919 Afghanistan 1919 S Lan R

  SECOND WORLD WAR

NORTH-WEST   EUROPE 1940

1940 Defence   of Escaut E Lan R
Dunkirk 1940 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals
North-West   Europe 1940 E Lan R, S Lan R, Loyals

NORTH-WEST   EUROPE 1944-45

1944 Normandy Landing S Lan R
Odon E Lan R, S Lan R
Caen E Lan R
Borguebus Ridge S Lan R
Troarn S Lan R
Falaise E Lan R, S Lan R
Nederrijn E Lan R
Lower Maas E Lan R
Venraij S Lan R
1945 Ourthe E Lan R
The Rhineland E Lan R, S Lan R
Reichswald E Lan R
Weeze E Lan R
Hochwald S Lan R
Rhine E Lan R
Ibbenburen E Lan R
Aller E Lan R
Bremen E Lan R
1944-45 North-West   Europe 1944-45 E Lan R, S Lan R

MIDDLE   EAST (NORTH AFRICA & MADAGASCAR)

1942 Madagascar E Lan R, S Lan R
Middle East1942 E Lan R, S Lan R
1943 Banana   Ridge Loyals
Djebel Kesskiss Loyals
Medjez   Plain Loyals
Gueriat el Atach Ridge Loyals
Gab   Gab Gap Loyals
Djebel   Bou Aoukaz 1943, I Loyals
1940-43 North Africa1943 Loyals
ITALY
1944 Anzio Loyals
Rome Loyals
Fiesole * Loyals
Gothic   Line Loyals
Monte   Gamberaldi Loyals
Monte   Ceco Loyals
Monte Grande Loyals
1944-45 Italy1944-45 Loyals
MALAYA
1942 Johore Loyals
Batu   Pahat Loyals
Singapore Island Loyals
1941-42 Malaya1941-42 Loyals
BURMA
1944 North Arakan E Lan R, S Lan R
Mayu   Tunnels S Lan R
Kohima S Lan R
Pinwe E Lan R
1945 Meiktila S Lan R
Nyaungu Bridgehead * S Lan R
Letse   * S Lan R
Irrawaddy S Lan R
1943-45 Burma   1943-45 E Lan R, S Lan R